NEW YORK (AP) - Courts or legislatures in at least a dozen states have declared that some children have three parents. It's an arrangement sometimes called "tri-parenting."
While the cases are rare, they have appeared in states from Florida to Alaska.
Advocates say legal recognition reflects the realities of some families.
They include gay couples having a child with a friend, and a man seeking to remain in a paternal role after DNA shows someone else fathered the child he's raising. New York's first "tri-custody" ruling involved a husband, his wife and a female neighbor who had all become romantic partners and set out as three to have a child.
But some courts and experts have raised qualms that more parents could mean more parents could mean more conflict.