GM says the switches can unexpectedly move out of the "run" position if the cars are jarred, such as by going over railroad tracks or a pothole.

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DETROIT - - General Motors recalling 3.1 million additional cars in the US for ignition switch problems.T

The company says it will change or replace the keys on the cars from the 2000 to 2014 model years. GM says the switches can unexpectedly move out of the "run" position if the cars are jarred, such as by going over railroad tracks or a pothole.

That can shut off the engines and disable power steering.

General Motors said it will recall 3.16 million mid-size and large cars to modify their ignition keys to prevent the same problem that has been blamed for 13 deaths and 54 crashes in small cars that GM recalled earlier this year.

Simultaneously GM announced five other recalls for different defects totaling 165,770 U.S. vehicles.

And the automaker boosted to $700 million, from a previously forecast $400 million, the charge against second-quarter earnings it plans to take to pay for the recalls

GM now has announced 44 recalls this year covering 17.73 million U.S. vehicles.

The North America total – including the U.S., Canada, Mexico and exports – is 20 million, GM says, noting that some vehicles have been recalled for more than one issue.

The recall is part of a GM review of ignition switches after the company recalled 2.6 million older small cars earlier this year for a similar problem.

GM also is recalling 166,000 other cars for a series of problems. And the company raised its expected second-quarter charge for recall expenses to $700 million.

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